Differential Diagnosis of Anxiety Disorders

 

 

Symptoms of anxiety, fear, avoidance, or increased arousal
         arr-sho.GIF (268 bytes)
Due to the direct physiological effects of a general medical condition       Yes
     arr-lon.GIF (354 bytes)
ANXIETY DISORDER DUE TO A GENERAL MEDICAL CONDITION
         No
         arr-sho.GIF (268 bytes)
Due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g., a drug of abuse, a medication, a toxin)       Yes
     arr-lon.GIF (354 bytes)
SUBSTANCE-INDUCED ANXIETY DISORDER
         No
         arr-sho.GIF (268 bytes)
Recurrent unexpected Panic Attacks plus a month of worry, concern about attacks, or change in behavior    Yes
arr-sho.GIF (1072 bytes)
Agorapobia, i.e., anxiety about being in places from which escape might be difficult or embarrassing in the event of having a Panic Attack    Yes
arr-sho.GIF (1072 bytes)
PANIC DISORDER WITH AGORAPHOBIA
         No
         arr-sho.GIF (268 bytes)
            No
           arr-cro.GIF (679 bytes)
 

 

PANIC DISORDER WITHOUT AGORAPHOBIA
 

 

Agoraphobia, i.e., anxiety about being in places from which escape might be difficult or embarrassing in the event of having panic-like symptoms       Yes
     arr-lon.GIF (354 bytes)
AGORAPHOBIA WITHOUT HISTORY OF PANIC DISORDER
         No
         arr-sho.GIF (268 bytes)
Anxiety concerning separation from attachment figures with onset in childhood       Yes
     arr-lon.GIF (354 bytes)
SEPARATION ANXIETY DISORDER
         No
         arr-sho.GIF (268 bytes)
Fear of humiliation or embarrassment in social or peffonnance situations       Yes
     arr-lon.GIF (354 bytes)
SOCIAL PHOBIA (SOCIAl ANXIETY DISORDER)
         No
         arr-sho.GIF (268 bytes)
Fear cued by object or situation       Yes
     arr-lon.GIF (354 bytes)
SPECIFIC PHOBIA
         No
         arr-sho.GIF (268 bytes)
Obsessions or compulsions       Yes
     arr-lon.GIF (354 bytes)
OBSESSIV'E-COMPULSIVE DISORDER
         No
         arr-sho.GIF (268 bytes)
6-month period of excessive anxiety and worry plus associated symptoms    Yes
arr-sho.GIF (1072 bytes)
Occurs exclusively during a Mood or Psychotic Disorder    No
arr-sho.GIF (1072 bytes)
GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER
         No
         arr-sho.GIF (268 bytes)
          Yes
          arr-sho.GIF (268 bytes)
See Mood Disorders or Psychotic Disorders tree
 

 

Anxiety in response to a severe traumatic event    Yes
arr-sho.GIF (1072 bytes)
Reexperiencing of event, increased arousal, and avoidance of stimuli associated with traumatic event
         No
         arr-sho.GIF (268 bytes)
                                     No           Yes
arr-cro.GIF (679 bytes)            arr-sho.GIF (268 bytes)
Duration of more than 1 month    Yes
arr-sho.GIF (1072 bytes)
POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER
            No
           arr-cro.GIF (679 bytes)
 

 

ACUTE STRESS DISORDER
 

 

Anxiety that does not meet criteria for one of the above Anxiety Disorders and develops in response to a stressor       Yes
     arr-lon.GIF (354 bytes)
ADJUSTMENT DISORDER WITH ANXIETY
         No
         arr-sho.GIF (268 bytes)
Clinically significant symptoms that do not meet criteria for a specific Anxiety Disorder       Yes
     arr-lon.GIF (354 bytes)
ANXIETY DISORDER NOS
         No
         arr-sho.GIF (268 bytes)
No Anxiety Disorder (symptoms of fear, anxiety, or avoidance that are not clinically significant)